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Sweaty Hands - Why Are My Hands Always Sweaty?
Written by Katie Crissman
October 01 2020

Are you struggling with sweaty hands? You are not alone! Approximately 3% of the US population has a condition called hyperhidrosis that causes them to sweat excessively. Of the people who have hyperhidrosis, 90% experience hand, foot, or armpit involvement.[1] Here are some signs that your hand sweating may be excessive:

  • You sweat even when it isn’t hot
  • Your sweating interferes with your ability to do what you want
  • You feel self conscious about shaking hands because of your excessive sweat
  • You sweat so much that it causes you discomfort on a regular basis
  • If you can identify with the above statements, then you may be struggling with hyperhidrosis. Here are some of the causes of excessively sweaty hands and the things that you can do to help stop sweaty hands.[2]

    How Hyperhidrosis Causes Sweaty Hands

    The reason why humans sweat is to cool down the body and maintain a healthy internal body temperature (thermoregulation), but for people with hyperhidrosis, sweating occurs much more frequently than is necessary to keep the body cool.[1]

    Hyperhidrosis causes sweat glands to be overactive which leads to excessive sweating, even in the absence of sweat triggers like heat. It doesn’t matter what the weather is like, people who have hyperhidrosis will experience excessive sweating even when there are no external reasons for it.[1]

    The hands are one of the most common areas of the body affected by hyperhidrosis.[1] If you have hyperhidrosis, you may find that your hands are constantly sweaty and have no idea why. The skin on your hands may be white and peeling from the constant moisture.

    Most people who struggle with sweaty hands have a form or hyperhidrosis called primary focal hyperhidrosis. Primary focal hyperhidrosis can also cause you to sweat excessively from your feet, armpits, face, or groin. Hyperhidrosis that affects the hands is known medically as palmar hyperhidrosis. Many times people with hyperhidrosis are affected on several parts of their body. Therefore, it is likely that you are dealing with excessive sweating on another part of your body in addition to your hands. If this is the case then don’t worry, there are several effective sweaty hand treatments you can use to help stop sweaty hands and improve your quality of life.[1]

    Factors that Make Sweaty Hands Worse

    If you are struggling with sweaty hands you’ll know just how debilitating and embarrassing this condition can be. There are several surprising factors that can cause palmar (hand) hyperhidrosis or worsen the condition.

    Your Genes

    Unfortunately, those constantly sweaty palms could be the result of some bad luck with your genes. One famous study carried out at the University of California in 2002 demonstrated that many debilitating cases of palmar hyperhidrosis are indeed the result of ‘faulty’ genes passed down from generation to generation. It is now thought that hyperhidrosis is hereditary, at least in part.[3]

    This highlights the fact that your symptoms aren’t necessarily the result of stress or emotional issues, although hyperhidrosis and anxiety are often related. However, don’t think that healing is an impossibility - there are many treatments that can make a big difference.[1]

    You’re Battling Stress

    Most of us have experienced sweaty palms when something stressful happens, such as an examination, a marriage proposal or speaking in public.

    This is because the stress has triggered our fight-or-flight response, releasing the stress hormones epinephrine and cortisol. These hormones help us cope with the stress, but also raise our body temperature.[4] Naturally, our bodies work to reduce this temperature in the way they know best - by activating your sweat glands. If you’re under chronic stress, your body is constantly on high alert and you are likely to continue to sweat around the clock and experience what is known as stress sweat.[5]

    Social Phobia

    It’s often hard to tell which came first - social anxiety or sweaty hands. However, there’s no doubt that the two feed a vicious cycle. Hyperhidrosis and anxiety often go hand in hand.

    The scenario is a familiar one - you feel terribly ashamed about your sweaty hands and feel that other people will look at you in disgust and judge you negatively. So, when the bank manager goes in for the formal handshake, you feel yourself becoming insecure. Or when your gorgeous date reaches for your hand affectionately, that familiar dread rises up. Scenarios like these trigger your fight-or-flight response, your stress hormones kick in, and your palms get sweaty.[5] This will only reinforce your social phobia and make you more likely to avoid this kind of scenario in the future.

    Low Blood Sugar

    If you constantly crave sugary snacks and often skip meals you could be suffering from low blood sugar. This can also happen if you are suffering from diabetes.

    Blood sugar issues could be worsening your palmar hyperhidrosis. Your body needs a constant supply of energy in order to work efficiently. However, when you eat these kinds of sugary foods or go for a long time without eating, your blood sugar levels can fluctuate wildly. In order to cope, it releases stress hormones like epinephrine which stimulate the release of sugar from your body stores. It also triggers symptoms of stress like sweaty palms and shaking.[6]

    Too Much Alcohol

    Many of us enjoy a glass or two of something alcoholic to help us wind down at the end of a long day. There’s nothing wrong with that!

    Nonetheless, alcohol can be a big problem if you’re vulnerable to sweaty palms. Alcohol can cause excessive sweating, and it can worsen, or even trigger symptoms to begin. This is because alcohol causes your blood vessels to dilate which has a warming effect on your skin. This causes your parasympathetic nervous system to kick in, releasing plenty of sweat to help bring your body temperature back down.

    These symptoms get worse the more alcohol you consume, and can hit chronic levels for those who become addicted.[7]

    Spicy Foods and Coffee

    While spicy foods and coffee are unlikely to cause severe sweaty palms, they can have an effect on the body’s ability to maintain its internal temperature. These substances can worsen sweating symptoms you might already be suffering, especially if you are sensitive to spice or caffeine. Caffeine can be a trigger for excessive sweating, so it is a good idea to use it in moderation.

    Both spices and caffeine can activate neurotransmitters like acetylcholine, which cause your sweat glands to overreact and produce excessive amounts of sweat. They can also trigger the release of stress hormones which can further worsen the problem.[8]

    Secondary Generalized Hyperhidrosis

    Certain underlying diseases, conditions, or medications can cause a subtype of hyperhidrosis called secondary generalized hyperhidrosis. If you have one of these conditions it can increase your likelihood of experiencing sweaty hands, although sweating caused by secondary hyperhidrosis tends to affect the whole body rather than specific areas.[1]

    Thyroid diseases are known to cause excessive sweating. Hyperthyroidism is an autoimmune disease which causes your immune system to attack your healthy cells, which then increases your body temperature.[9] This is similar to the way your body reacts when you are fighting off the flu. In an attempt to bring your temperature down, your parasympathetic nervous system will kick-in, releasing yet more sweat.

    Hormonal fluctuations related to menopause can also cause excessive sweating. Hot flashes and night sweats are a well-known part of the menopause and can cause excessive sweating on the palms, hands, feet, and the rest of the body. This is due to fluctuating levels of the reproductive hormones estrogen and progesterone, which interfere with the body’s temperature regulation process. These hormones trigger those hot and sweaty moments. If you’re especially hormone-sensitive, this process can lead to severe symptoms that can last many years if not addressed.[10]

    Sweaty palms are not your fault or a sign of weakness! There are many potential causes of sweaty hands, including lifestyle factors, genetic factors, and health conditions and none of them should be considered to be a personal failing.

    What are Some Tips for Dealing with Sweaty Hands?

    There are both medical and nonmedical approaches to dealing with sweaty hands and help stop sweaty hands embarrassment. Deciding which method works best for you is a personal choice that depends on your preferences and needs. Here are some options you may want to consider!

    Practical Tips

    There are a number of sweaty hand treatments you can pursue to reduce your sweating. Before we get to that, let’s look at some of the alternative methods you can use to manage hyperhidrosis of the hands:

    Medical Treatments for Sweaty Hands

    If you’re looking for something to help you substantially reduce the sweat on your hands here are some medically proven treatments you may want to consider. You don’t have to simply put up with sweaty hands for the rest of your life – there are measures you can take to banish this problem, or at least significantly reduce your symptoms.


    Surprisingly, antiperspirant is another type of sweaty hand treatment. Your armpits aren’t your only body parts that can benefit from wearing antiperspirant - you can use it on your hands to help stop sweaty hands as well. It is also important to understand what antiperspirant does and how it differs from deodorant. Antiperspirant actually blocks sweat glands so that sweat can't reach the surface of the skin. This is unlike deodorant which masks the smell of sweat and contains some antibacterial properties.[1]

    The good thing about antiperspirant is that it is widely available and noninvasive. You can start off by trying over-the-counter antiperspirants, but you may end up needing a prescription antiperspirant. It can be confusing for people to figure out how to choose the right over-the-counter antiperspirant, but understanding the ingredients in antiperspirants can help. Before you upgrade to the next level of antiperspirant, you’ll want to make sure you’re applying the over-the-counter products correctly to give it the best chance of being successful. Here is how you should be applying it:

    Some have had concerns that antiperspirant is not safe, but no studies have found that to be true. However, if you’ve tried antiperspirant for a while with limited or no success and you want to try another treatment, you’re in luck. There is more you can be doing. [11]

    Iontophoresis Machine

    Iontophoresis is a treatment for palmar and plantar hyperhidrosis that can be very effective. This low-intensity sweaty hands treatment sends low-voltage electrical currents into a pan of water in which your hands or feet are sitting.[1]

    The electric current can reduce how active your sweat glands are. However, it won’t work right away. You might have to do as many as 10 sessions before you notice a real improvement. After that, you can reduce the frequency of the treatments and just set up a maintenance schedule.[1]

    This procedure can be performed in a doctor’s office or at home after your doctor writes you a prescription for the equipment. Iontophoresis really does work, and if you’re struggling and unable to get results, there are ways to make iontophoresis more effective.[1]

    Although it may take a few sessions to see results, iontophoresis does work. Some studies have shown it helps stop sweaty hands and feet by as much as 81 percent. Although it doesn’t offer total sweat control, that 81 percent can be a life-changing amount for someone suffering from hyperhidrosis. [1]

    Botox Injections

    Botox treatment for palmar and plantar hyperhidrosis can be extremely helpful. The same compound that immobilizes people’s foreheads and is frequently used as a way to look younger can help with your sweaty hands as well. Botox injections can decrease the amount of sweat your palms produce for up to six months.[1]

    The biggest drawback to this type of treatment is that it can be uncomfortable when receiving the botox injections.

    Before consenting to botox injections you should find an experienced dermatologist. You should look for a doctor who is experienced in treating hyperhidrosis. To find a suitable professional, you might want to use the Physician Finder function on the International Hyperhidrosis Society’s website. [12]

    Endoscopic Thoracic Sympathectomy Surgery

    Many people have success in managing their sweaty hands by using a combination of sweaty hand treatment options. For some, however, these treatments are not enough. In that case, surgical treatment for primary focal hyperhidrosis may be necessary. This type of surgery is called endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy.[1]

    This surgery should only be performed as a last resort though because it does carry side effects, like compensatory sweating, that may be worse than dealing with sweaty hands. [1]

    Keep A Positive Outlook

    Although having sweaty hands isn’t easy, there are many things you can do to improve your symptoms and help stop sweaty hands. There are better treatments on the horizon as future treatments and research for hyperhidrosis are being developed. One day in the near future, you may not even give your hands a second thought as you move through your day-to-day life. Until then, do what you can to limit the impact hyperhidrosis has on your life and do your best not to let your sweat get you down.

    1. Pariser, D. M. (2014). Hyperhidrosis (4th ed., Vol. 32). Amsterdam: Elsevier Pub. Co., 2014. Retrieved from
    2. “Hyperhidrosis and Sweating: When Should You See a Doctor?” WebMD,
    3. University Of California - Los Angeles. (2002, March 6). UCLA Study Finds Evidence That "Sweaty Palms" Syndrome Is Genetic And Underreported. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 5, 2020 from
    4. The Effects of Stress on Your Body. (n.d.). Retrieved from
    5. Stress Sweat Is Real, Here’s How to Manage It. (n.d.). Retrieved from
    6. How does diabetes cause abnormal sweating? (n.d.). Retrieved from
    7. Are night sweats a sign of alcohol withdrawal? (n.d.). Retrieved from
    8. What Makes You Sweat. (n.d.). Retrieved from
    9. Hyperthyroidism. (n.d.). Retrieved from
    10. Suszynski, M. (n.d.). Menopause and Sweating. Retrieved from
    11. Nordqvist, C. (2017, December 21). Hyperhidrosis: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. Retrieved May 14, 2018, from
    12. Kamudoni, P., Mueller, B., Halford, J., Schouveller, A., Stacey, B., & Salek, M. (2017, June 8). The impact of hyperhidrosis on patients' daily life and quality of life: A qualitative investigation. Retrieved May 21, 2018, from
    Body Areas Affected by Hyperhidrosis

    9 Outrageous Things People Try to Avoid Excessive Armpit Sweating

    By Daniel McCarthy /

    9 Outrageous Things People Try to Avoid Excessive Armpit Sweating

    On my first day of work a few years ago, I got dressed to impress and walked the 20 minutes to my new office to meet my new colleagues for the first time. Having just moved to the southern US, I’d been getting used to the unbearable humidity and its effects on my excessive armpit sweating. Luckily (I thought), the sun wasn’t out and the temps dropped below 80, so maybe my sweat glands wouldn’t take center stage! Well...I arrived to meet my colleagues looking like a wet bass in business clothes. Thank goodness I arrived 15 minutes early, which brings me to the first outrageous thing people try to avoid armpit sweating. 

    1. The Hand Dryer 

    I anxiously scurried to the nearest bathroom, declothed, and put the hand dryer to good use on my shirt stains and sweat stains. More outrageously, I awkwardly hovered my sweaty extremities (including my sweaty underarms) over the hand dryer. Thankfully, I reapplied my antiperspirant and headed out to meet my colleagues a decently dry man. That was the day I knew I really needed clinical strength antiperspirant for my excessive armpit sweating (and a car). 

    1. Pantyliners

    Many with excessive underarm sweating already know that underarm pads are one way to help with sweating armpits. But if you find yourself sans pad and worried about your excessive armpit sweating, you would not be the first person to try pantyliners. That’s right, pantyliners have been used in a pinch to help keep sweat stains at bay. 

    1. Give a shirt

    In 2019, a reddit user posted that to combat his excessive armpit sweating, he skipped the typical clothing and made his own shirt. He posted asking others to try out his creation and received over 250 replies! By creating and giving others shirts, this innovative reddit user designed his way into the hearts of many with smelly armpits. 

    1. Get inked

    If you’ve been debating whether to get a tasteful tattoo and you have hyperhidrosis, this finding may just help you make your decision. A 2017 study found that getting inked helped reduce sweat [1]! Now, I don’t recommend choosing a tattoo as a means of treatment for excessive armpit sweating (and maybe don’t tattoo your armpit), but the connection is a fun little fact nonetheless. 

    1. Become a naked mole rat

    If you can’t pull the trigger on an armpit tattoo, another method some people have tried is hair removal. Yes, like Steve Carrell (who actually has hyperhidrosis himself) in the hit movie 40-year Old Virgin, removing hair can help reduce sweat buildup for you too. Many likely already “naturally” lose hair thanks to some sweat prevention products, but more natural hair removal may just be the trick to solving excessive sweating

    1. Armpit art

    Even though we know most sweaty armpit causes, like too much caffeine or spicy foods, it’s no fun to cut these out completely. A more outrageous approach to excessive underarm sweating is actually turning sweating armpits into art. Multiple users of the Reddit community r/Hyperhidrosis have created shirts, sweatshirts, and other clothing that includes beautiful tie-dye in the armpits. Creative, fun, and beautiful, and even better when combined with sweat prevention like antiperspirant or carpe underarm

    1. Vinegar your armpit

    You may already know how to get rid of pit stains with vinegar, but there are other interesting ways it can help with excessive armpit sweating. Splashing vinegar on your sweaty underarms  is one method many recommend. Those that swear by this method also recommend using deodorant or antiperspirant, too. 

    While we don’t know how this was discovered, I like to think someone accidentally splashed vinegar on their pits hundreds of years ago and voila! Too bad the first person to splash his pits with vinegar didn’t also have access to the best antiperspirant for his excessive armpit sweating. 

    1. Baking soda your sweaty underarms

    If you find deodorant or antiperspirant irritating, one creative way to help alleviate your excessive underarm sweating is baking soda. Many crafty people with hyperhidrosis swear that not only can baking soda help reduce sweat, but it can also help alleviate pesky underarm smell with some of the best sweat prevention. 

    1. Restart the plaid fad

    Black t-shirt, black sweatshirt, black button down, black tank top. If this sounds like your closet, you’re clearly an expert on the hyperhidrosis wardrobe. But if you want some variety as you fight excessive armpit sweating, add some plaid, a trick many with hyperhidrosis use that you may not know. Hey, you just may be starting the resurgence of the plaid fad, and at worst, you’ll add some fun, lumberjack variety to your dark closet. 


    [1] Luetkemeier, M. J., Hanisko, J. M., & Aho, K. M. (2017). Skin Tattoos Alter Sweat Rate and Na+ Concentration. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 49(7), 1432–1436.
    Body Areas Affected by Hyperhidrosis

    How to Cure Sweaty Hands Permanently at Home

    By Daniel McCarthy /

    How to Cure Sweaty Hands Permanently at Home 

    Scenario 1: You’re invited into the office, confident you will land the job. You’ve prepared, you’re highly qualified, you have absolutely nothing to worry about. You walk in and confidently reach out to shake the CEOs hand. But then, your confidence turns to dread as the CEO pulls her hand back, wet with your sweat. 

    Scenario 2: You’re at home, playing video games with your friends and absolutely dominating. They get so upset, they tell you to take a break to let another friend play. But there’s another problem... nobody wants to use your controller after you finish. Despite your domination, your palmar hyperhidrosis (excessively sweaty hands) has taken center stage. 

    Do these scenarios sound familiar? Wondering how to cure sweaty hands permanently? Although you may not have had these exact things happen to you, your sweaty hands likely have caused something similar and you’re looking for a home remedy. To stop sweating these situations, let’s talk about how to cure sweaty hands permanently at home. 

    One of the best ways to cure sweaty hands at home is actually not related to the hands at all. Instead, working on reducing anxiety can have immensely positive results on how to cure sweaty hands permanently naturally. There are many root causes of anxiety, and some or many may be related to your hyperhidrosis. Likewise, it is easier said than done to reduce anxiety. But there are also many ways to work on reducing anxiety that are worth a try. One interesting way to reduce anxiety, and in turn, sweaty hands, is to be grateful. Specifically, Petrocchi and Couyoumdjian found that “grateful people experience less anxiety mostly because they are able to encourage and be compassionate and reassuring toward themselves when things go wrong in life” [1]. Other ways include stepping outside for a walk, drinking tea, or even distracting yourself. In general, starting with anxiety reduction not only can help with how to cure sweaty hands, but also your wellbeing in general. 

    Another great way to cure sweaty hands at home permanently is to reduce consumption of coffee and alcohol. Now you may be reading this and thinking “Hey, those are all my favorite things! I’m done with this article!”. And while I wholeheartedly agree and enjoy coffee and alcohol myself, consumption in moderation is key, especially with hyperhidrosis. Caffeine, for example, activates part of the brain that is already a main part in causing hyperhidrosis symptoms. Instead of giving it up, try to reduce consumption to under 200 mg or add in decaf to your routine. Alcohol can affect hyperhidrosis in a similar manner, but like coffee, 1-2 glasses of alcohol may be okay. When figuring out how to cure sweaty hands permanently naturally, it is important to find a balance of coffee, alcohol, and managing your hyperhidrosis. And remember to always drink responsibly, in moderation. 

    Tackling how to cure sweaty hands permanently, naturally, and at home may require more than behavioral changes we’ve talked about so far. Luckily, there are other great remedies you can try at home! First, finding the right antiperspirant is of paramount importance, especially appropriate antiperspirant for hands. Another possible over the counter option is anti-sweat wipes. If neither of these work for you, another option to cure your sweaty hands permanently is to buy your very own iontophoresis machine for at-home use. This machine delivers mild electrical currents to your hands (or other affected body part) while submerged in water. A combination of these treatments may have your hands feeling less clammy in no time! 

    Ultimately, your palmar hyperhidrosis may not be treatable at home and permanently, but these recommendations may help alleviate some of your symptoms. If symptoms persist, consult a medical professional for further assistance with how to cure sweaty hands. 



    1. Nicola Petrocchi & Alessandro Couyoumdjian (2016) The impact of gratitude on depression and anxiety: the mediating role of criticizing, attacking, and reassuring the self, Self and Identity, 15:2, 191-205, DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2015.1095794


    8 Random & Interesting Facts about Excessive Armpit Sweating

    By Daniel McCarthy /

    8 Random & Interesting Facts about Excessive Armpit Sweating

    Our worries about shirt stains, sweaty underarms, and smelly armpits may dominate how we think about excessive armpit sweating. Hey, we may even avoid thinking about these all together. But guess what? There are some random and interesting facts that just may change how you think about excessive underarm sweating! Let’s take a look: 

    Fact number 1: Sweat by itself ISN’T smelly

    Sweat is often associated with smelliness. But by itself, it doesn’t smell AT ALL. The reason sweat can smell (in places like your armpit) isn’t really about sweat. It’s about the sweat glands (and hair)! Apocrine glands are the biggest of sweat-producing glands and are usually located near hair. It’s this combo that leads to smelly armpits.

    Fact number 2: Excessive armpit sweating is as old as cavemen

    Hang with me here. Excessive underarm sweating is connected to the fight-or-flight response ingrained in even the most ancient of human predecessors. This excessive armpit sweating response has helped humans survive for millenia. And yep, it means our cavemen ancestors likely had sweating armpits, too. Even though they didn’t have to worry about shirt stains like us, we have the benefit of products like carpe underarm and antiperspirant in general to help with our excessive armpit sweating.  

    Fact number 3: Famous people worry about excessive armpit sweating too

    Michael Gary Scott, fearless and deliciously cringeworthy leader of Dunder Mifflin Scranton on the show The Office, is perfectly played by actor Steve Carell. Carell seemed to play the role with such ease, comfort, and confidence that nobody would ever know he was worried about excessive underarm sweating due to his hyperhidrosis. Co-star Rainn Wilson (Dwight Schrute on the show) even pointed out that the set temperature was a cool 64 degrees to keep Carell’s sweaty underarms from becoming the focus of the scene. 

    Even though Carell’s excessive armpit sweating wasn’t part of the show, I like to think Michael’s approach to sweat stains could be summed up by his famous line:  “I knew exactly what to do. But in a much more real sense, I had no idea what to do.” 

    Fact number 4: Other celebrities combat hyperhidrosis too

    Steve Carell is not the only notable person looking for the best sweat prevention. As a longtime vampire and real-life human with hyperhidrosis, Robert Pattinson is another actor who combats hyperhidrosis (and werewolves) on the regular. 

    Like Pattinson and Carell, Halle Berry also has hyperhidrosis. Famously, Berry confidently showed her sweat stains on the Ellen Show back in 2010. So when you’re feeling a little self-conscious about your own excessive underarm sweating, remember you too can confidently move through your day like Berry barring her pits for the world. 

    Fact number 5: Ventilation over here please!

    If you’re still worried about how to get rid of pit stains, some ventilation could provide a brief respite. Because we sometimes get pesky pit stains, it can feel like our excessive underarm sweating is due to our pits proclivity to produce the most amount of sweat. Yet, this annoying issue is more commonly attributed to a lack of ventilation, although sweaty armpit causes cannot be narrowed to one thing. Still, a little ventilation and clinical strength antiperspirant can go a long way in dealing with pesky pit stains and excessive armpit sweating. 

    Fact number 6: An underappreciated aspect of a non-meat diet

    Sometimes even the best antiperspirant and deodorant may not feel like enough to help with excessive armpit sweating and underarm smell. That’s okay though because there are other interesting ways to approach this issue. A 2006 study showed that women found mens’ armpit odor “more attractive, more pleasant, and less intense” when these men ate a non-meat diet [1]. If you haven’t already thought about eating less meat, the improved aroma of your pits (and the kitchen) may be another reason to eat a non-meat diet. 

    Fact number 7: Fashion matters

    Choosing clothes is a fashion statement for many. And while fashion may matter more to some than others, there’s one interesting reason we can all get behind to choose our clothes. Our clothing choices can help deal with excessive underarm sweating. That’s right, there are clothes, materials, styles, and pads that all can help with excessive armpit sweating as well as excessive sweating and shirt stains in general. 

    Fact number 8: You aren’t alone

    An estimated 2-3% of the US population suffers from axillary hyperhidrosis (excessive underarm sweating). Even though this percentage may seem small, 3% of the US population is right around 10 million people. That’s like all of NYC combating excessive armpit sweating at the same time. It can be easy to feel isolated in dealing with hyperhidrosis, but there’s some comfort in knowing many others are dealing with the same worries. 



    1. Havlicek, J., & Lenochova, P. (2006). The Effect of Meat Consumption on Body Odor Attractiveness. Retrieved from
    Which Carpe Solutions are Right for my Sweat?